Commercial Aquaponics Startup Cost : A beginners Guide

Commercial Aquaponics Startup Cost What Does It Depend On
Commercial Aquaponics Startup Cost What Does It Depend On

Aquaponics is a sustainable and innovative agricultural method that combines hydroponics and aquaculture to produce fresh fruits, vegetables, and fish in a closed-loop system. While aquaponics has gained popularity among hobbyists and enthusiasts, it has also become a viable option for commercial-scale operations. However, starting a commercial aquaponics setup requires a significant investment in terms of time, effort, and money.

One crucial aspect of starting a commercial aquaponics setup is understanding the startup cost. Unlike traditional farming methods, aquaponics systems require a combination of aquaculture and hydroponics components, which can increase the overall cost of the system. To help aspiring aquaponics entrepreneurs, this article will break down each component and the corresponding costs of aquaponics systems.

If you’re interested in starting a commercial aquaponics setup or want to learn more about the costs associated with aquaponics, read on to discover how to plan and budget for a successful aquaponics venture.

Commercial Aquaponics Startup Cost Begins With The Development Of A Minimum Of 1 Acre Of Total Growing Area

One of the key factors that determine the startup cost of a commercial aquaponics setup is the size of the growing area. To be considered a commercial-scale operation, farms need to have a growing space larger than 1 acre. This means that entrepreneurs who are interested in starting a commercial aquaponics setup must plan for a minimum of 1 acre of total growing area to get started.

However, the actual size of the growing area required will depend on the goals and objectives of the aquaponics system. It is essential to grow crops that have a high demand in the local market to ensure profitability. For example, many successful aquaponics systems focus on growing lettuce or vegetables wholesale for restaurants. Others are developing indoor aquaculture systems to grow fish like aquaculture-grown salmon. Therefore, before starting a commercial aquaponics setup, it is crucial to do market research and determine the local demand for crops.

In conclusion, the startup cost of a commercial aquaponics setup begins with the development of a minimum of 1 acre of total growing area. However, the size of the growing area required will depend on the specific goals and objectives of the system. Therefore, entrepreneurs should do their due diligence and research the local market demand before investing in an aquaponics venture.

Greenhouse structures?

Greenhouse structures are an essential component of a commercial aquaponics setup, as they provide protection to the crops and the system from rain and extreme temperatures. The design and technical capacities of the greenhouse can affect the temperature, ventilation, and protection it provides for the crops. Greenhouses for leafy vegetables like lettuce don’t require as much ceiling space for ventilation as fruiting vegetables like tomatoes.

When it comes to greenhouse structures, smaller structures will require less investment in materials and setup costs. Some greenhouse designs incorporate the sawtooth design, which allows for ventilation without compromising the protection of the plants from rain and strong winds. Additionally, the estimated cost for constructing an acre of greenhouses for a commercial aquaponics setup can range from $80,000 to $120,000, depending on various factors such as the design, materials used, and location.

In summary, greenhouse structures are necessary for a commercial aquaponics setup as they provide a controlled environment that can protect the crops and the system from harsh weather conditions. When considering greenhouse structures, entrepreneurs must consider factors such as design, technical capacities, and costs to ensure a successful and profitable aquaponics venture.

The Cost Of The Hydroponics Setup

The cost of the hydroponics setup is an important consideration for entrepreneurs looking to set up a commercial aquaponics system. The cost of the hydroponics setup will differ depending on the techniques and technologies employed in the system. There are three types of hydroponic techniques used in aquaponics, including nutrient film technique (NFT), Deep Water Culture (DWC), and Media beds.

The cost of construction for all three techniques differs greatly, with NFT being the most inexpensive to construct. NFT uses a simple design that involves a sloped channel that allows nutrient-rich water to flow through the roots of the plants, and then back into the fish tank. DWC, on the other hand, involves suspending plants in a nutrient-rich water solution. This technique requires the use of an air pump to ensure that the water is oxygenated properly.

Media beds involve the use of a grow bed filled with a medium such as gravel, perlite, or expanded clay pellets. The grow bed is flooded with nutrient-rich water, which is then drained back into the fish tank. Media beds require more investment in construction costs and materials compared to NFT and DWC.

In conclusion, the cost of the hydroponics setup will vary depending on the hydroponic techniques used in the aquaponics system. Entrepreneurs must consider the costs of construction and materials when deciding on the hydroponic technique to use in their aquaponics system to ensure a successful and profitable venture.


NFT, or nutrient film technique, is a hydroponic technique used in aquaponics. It involves a long pipe or channel that holds the plants while a stream of water flows inside the pipe. The water is continuously cycled through the system and provides nutrients for the plants. Some NFT systems also include bubblers or aerators inside the pipe to allow water to splash into the root system of the plants. The cost of NFT systems can vary depending on whether the system is fixed or open-lid. Fixed NFT systems can cost upwards of $30,000, while open-lid NFT systems can cost up to $60,000.

Deep water culture

Deep water culture (DWC) is a hydroponic technique that involves suspending plant roots in a nutrient-rich solution. The roots are suspended in a container of water that is kept at a depth of 10 to 12 inches, and a cover is placed over the container to hold the plant cups. This cover can be made from various materials such as styrofoam, plastic, or wood. DWC systems are easy to operate and set up, and they are preferred by some aquaponics farmers due to their simplicity. The cost of constructing an acre of DWCs can vary depending on the specific design and materials used, but it typically ranges from $50,000 to $75,000.

Media bed

Media bed is another type of hydroponic setup used in aquaponics. In this setup, a container holds a hydroponic medium like gravel, expanded clay pellets, or perlite. The plant roots are planted directly into the medium, and water is pumped through the container to provide the plants with nutrients. Media beds are more expensive to set up compared to NFT and DWC systems due to the cost of the medium and the container. The estimated cost for constructing an acre of media bed setup will range anywhere from $100,000 to $200,000. However, media beds can be a good option for certain crops that require more support for their root systems.

Additional expenses

Additional expenses in hydroponics may include various technologies and equipment to optimize the system’s performance and ensure the best yields. These expenses could include climate control systems like Heat, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC), which includes exhaust fans, cooling towers, or heating systems to regulate the optimal water and air temperature for the plants. Automation controllers for water injectors, temperature regulation, and oxygen injectors are also useful tools in hydroponics that can increase yields and provide oxygen for fish in recirculating systems.

Moreover, outdoor or indoor lighting solutions could be added to augment the outdoor sun, especially on cloudy days or for indoor operations. Companies like Philips offer a wide variety of crop and condition-specific grow lights that could help optimize plant growth. It is essential to consider the cost of all these additional expenses and ensure that they are sourced from reputable companies to guarantee the proper scaling of your hydroponic system.


Commercial Aquaponics Startup Cost For Aquaculture Will Vary Depending On How Big Your Growing Space Is

The startup cost for a commercial aquaponics setup for aquaculture will vary depending on the size of your growing space. It is essential to make sure that the scale of your aquaculture operation is limited to the size of your growing area to avoid nutrient buildup in your system. Additionally, it is also possible to scale the hydroponics component of your setup to match the size of your aquaculture operation. This ensures a sustainable and balanced commercial aquaponics system. Let’s assume that the size of the growing area is 1 acre while the aquaculture component is housed separately.

An Acre Of Hydroponic Growing Area Will Translate To Anywhere Between 9000 To 10000 Gallons Of Aquaculture

When planning a commercial aquaponics setup, it’s important to consider the size of your growing space and how much aquaculture you need to support it. As a general rule, one acre of hydroponic growing area will require anywhere between 9,000 to 10,000 gallons of aquaculture. This means that you’ll need to invest in aquaculture tanks that can hold this amount of water, such as modular PVC or cement tanks. Modular PVC tanks are cheaper, costing around $2,500 for a 2,500 gallon tank, while cement tanks are more expensive but sturdier and more permanent. Overall, the cost of your aquaculture setup will vary depending on the size of your growing space and the type of tanks you choose.

Mechanical Filtration Removes The Suspended Solids and Prevents the Buildup Of Fish Waste

Mechanical filtration is an important process in aquaponics that involves removing suspended solids from the water to prevent the buildup of fish waste. Without proper filtration, waste can accumulate in the system and lead to water quality issues that can harm both the fish and plants. Industrial mechanical and biofilters are often used in larger aquaculture tanks due to the high amount of waste generated by the fish. For aquaponics, popular mechanical filters include radial flow settlers or settlement tanks, which allow the suspended solids to settle at the bottom of the tank for collection and removal, and mesh filters that trap the suspended solids in a mesh and require daily cleaning. Effective mechanical filtration is crucial for maintaining a healthy and sustainable aquaponics system.

Moving Bed Biofilters Are The Best Choice For Commercial-Scale Aquaponics Operations

Moving bed biofilters are considered the best choice for commercial-scale aquaponics operations. These biofilters use a series of submerged plastic media that will provide surface area for beneficial bacteria to grow and break down the fish waste. As the media move around in the water, the bacteria are able to convert the ammonia from the fish waste into nitrates which can be used as fertilizer by the plants. Compared to other types of biofilters, moving bed biofilters have a higher surface area which means they can handle more waste and are more efficient. While they may be more expensive, they are worth the investment for larger aquaponics systems. It is important to consult with experts on aquaculture supplies to determine the required sizing for your system before setting up your filtration system.

Water Pump and Pipings Are Essential Investments For Circulating The Water To All Components

Water pumps and pipings are crucial investments for circulating water to all components of the aquaponics system. Water pumps are used to push water from the fish tank to the grow bed and then back to the fish tank. Without a proper water pump and piping system, the system will not be able to function properly. Industrial water pumps come in different flow rates, so it is important to choose the appropriate one for the size of your system. Additionally, the design of the system will also play a role in determining the necessary flow rate. The price of water pumps will vary depending on the capacity, with small capacity pumps costing around $150, while larger capacity pumps can cost up to $1000.

Commercial Aquaponics Startup Costs Should Also Include Running Capital For Your Business

Commercial aquaponics startup costs should not only cover the expenses for building your aquaculture and hydroponics system, but also the operational and overhead expenses to run the business. This is why running capital is an essential investment to consider when starting a commercial aquaponics business. Running capital will allow you to cover expenses such as rent, utilities, labor, and other costs before cash flow starts coming in.

For an acre of operations, it is recommended to allocate $100,000 to $150,000 as running capital. However, the cost of running capital will vary depending on the size of your operation, your location, and other factors. It is important to consult with experienced professionals in the aquaponics industry to determine your specific cost for running capital.

In addition to running capital, commercial aquaponics startup costs will also include the cost of building and setting up your aquaculture and hydroponics system. The cost for an acre of the growing area can range from $250,000 to $300,000 or more depending on the size and complexity of your system. Keep in mind that the cost for each component will also depend on the goals of your aquaponics system, as you will be growing for a specific market and purpose.

Overall, commercial aquaponics has the potential to be a profitable business, but it is important to carefully plan and budget for all expenses, including running capital and the cost of setting up your system. Consulting with industry experts and professionals with experience in designing aquaponics systems can help you create a successful and sustainable business.


In conclusion, starting a commercial aquaponics operation requires a significant investment in various components such as tanks, filters, pumps, and growing equipment. It is also important to consider the cost of running capital to cover operational and overhead expenses. The total startup cost for an acre of the growing area can range from $250,000 to $300,000. However, with proper planning and consultation with industry experts, commercial aquaponics has the potential to be a profitable and sustainable business venture.